NOTE: THE TURKEY BARBECUE CONTEST WAS CHANGED STARTING WITH THE 2021 CONTEST
(Special awards provided by U.S. Poultry & Egg Association)
PURPOSE OF THE CONTEST:
- To develop leadership talents and to work toward achieving the broad objectives of developing sound character and effective citizenship.
- To acquire scientific knowledge and improved understanding of the economy, versatility, and nutritional value of turkey meat and its relationship to human nutrition and health.
- To help youth develop skills in the preparation and use of turkey and to acquire the ability to express their ideas proficiently and efficiently through participation in projects, talks, discussions, demonstrations, and exhibits.
RULES AND INFORMATION:
- Each state is eligible to enter one bona fide 4-H member in the contest; however, an individual may only enter one of the barbecuing events in a particular year due to an overlap in the cooking and presentation times between the chicken and turkey events. Note: There are also overlaps with the Poultry judging and Egg preparation demonstration contests.
- The contest sequence for cooking and presentation will be announced at the contest briefing prior to the contest.
- The contestants will be scored for barbecue skills, sensory evaluation, and oral presentation by three sets of judges according to the barbecue score sheets.
- Following arrival and delivery of their supplies to the grilling or presentation location, contestants will work alone, except in case of an emergency, as determined by contest monitors.
- Contestants are responsible for keeping their cooking and presentation areas tidy and for clean-up as well as the removal of their equipment and supplies.
PRODUCT COOKING AND SENSORY EVALUATION:
- The contestant will prepare and cook turkey patties using ground turkey (as is 85-90% lean) provided by the contest monitors. At least 75% by weight of the burger ingredients must consist of the ground turkey provided by the contest monitors. Only the patties are submitted, and no other hamburger toppings may be included.
- There will be a 2-hour time limit on the preparation of the turkey patties. Each contestant will be provided 2 pounds of ground turkey. The contestant will use this turkey product to prepare turkey patties of a minimum of 1/4 pound (uncooked weight), with two (2) to be submitted for sensory evaluation. The ground turkey will not be available to the contestant prior to the contest starting time.
- The fire may not be lit until the contest starting time.
- Parboiling and/or deep-frying competition meat is not allowed. The turkey patties may be cooked in aluminum foil wrap or a basket formed of foil wrap. Separate ingredients such as sauce or similar products may be placed in a small metal pan on the grill for heating, but the meat product may not be placed in the metal pan while on the grill.
- Barbecue grills will be provided for all contestants, which they will be required to use. Each contestant will be assigned a cooking space and grill along with a work area of one half of an approximately 30-inch by 8-foot table adjacent to their grill.
- Charcoal and lighter fuel will also be provided, but contestants may bring their own charcoal and lighter fuel. Self-starting charcoal or automatic fire starter blocks will not be permitted.
- Chimney-starters may be used, but such devices must be placed inside the grill before and during ignition and removed from the grill prior to the addition of the turkey for cooking. Fire is restricted to inside the provided grill. Burning materials outside the grills will be considered as a fire hazard. The use of non-charcoal combustible fuel is to be limited.
- Accessories such as spits, augers, or forced draft are not permitted. Electricity will not be provided or used.
- Material may not be added to the grill area such as rocks, sand, or other dense materials to aid in cooking. Appropriate charcoal use will be considered by the evaluators.
- All other equipment, supplies, and ingredients, including sauce, must be furnished by the contestant. Sauce, if used, may be a commercial product or private recipe (description must be provided to judges on the recipe card to assist during flavor and appearance evaluation).
- Contestants are expected to use a meat thermometer.
- Devices used for supporting, containing, or covering meat during cooking will not be permitted; only aluminum foil wrap may be used.
- The contestant must provide recipe or preparation outline cards describing sauce, rubs, or other treatments associated with the cooking of the turkey. They must list include ingredient quantities and special instructions if necessary, for food safety relating to these ingredients such as keeping sauce ingredients either cool or heated. NOTE: Three (3) copies on note card stock, single 3-inch by 5-inch size preferred, containing these cooking instructions or recipe must be provided to judges – 2 copies to skills judges before starting the fire, and 1 copy to turn in to sensory evaluation judges with the cooked product.
Recipe cards need to include the following information:
- Name of the recipe and contestant number
- Ingredients and general cooking instructions for the sauce
- Materials added to the turkey meat
- If special cooking techniques were used to achieve unique flavoring
- Prior to the submission of the cooked turkey burgers for evaluation, the contestant must demonstrate to the barbecue skills judges the criteria and methods they use to determine the proper doneness of their product at the time of turn-in. Judges may also independently evaluate the product at this time.
- Contestants must turn in the product by the end of the stated cooking time. Contestants will be notified 15 minutes prior to the end of the cooking time. Cooking skills will be evaluated using the turkey cooking skills score sheets.
- Each contestant will present two (2) cooked turkey burgers on containers provided to the panel of judges at the conclusion of their cooking. No burger toppings, garnishes, dips, or additional items shall be presented on the plates or containers or submitted to the judges. Only the turkey patties are to placed in the containers submitted. NOTE: that one recipe card or cooking outline card for the sensory judges must accompany the product when turned in. The product will be evaluated using the turkey sensory score sheets.
The Aussie Walk-A-Bout Portable Charcoal Grill is used and features folding legs and a locking bowl and hood. There are 332 sq. in. cooking area cooking space, a chrome-plated cooking grid, hood and vents, and on this grill.
- An illustrated presentation, including factual information about the commercial turkeys, will be made by each contestant (see score sheet). The participant is to demonstrate their knowledge in the following areas:
- The turkey industry in the United States and its economic importance
- General food safety, including safe storage and handling of turkey (uncooked and cooked) with particular emphasis in preparation for grilling.
- Nutritional value of turkey and its role in a balanced diet
- Contestants will be allotted a maximum of 10 minutes for their presentation. Judges will have up to 3 minutes for questions directed to contestants. Questions may be related to statements made by the contestant during their presentation that the judges feel might need further explanation or important information not mentioned in the presentation.
- No contestant will be allowed to have any form of identification as to name or state represented, including from the PowerPoint presentation content, posters, or from the tabletop graphics utilized during the oral presentation.
- Easels will be provided for those requiring them. PowerPoint presentations using a computer and computer projector can be used. A Windows-based laptop computer and computer projector will be available. PowerPoint will be installed on the computer and contestants should have their talk on a USB flash drive device. If a PowerPoint presentation is planned, the presentation is due in the final form for submission at the time of the contestant briefing the evening before the contest. PowerPoint presentations are cannot include audio. The order of presentation and contestant number will be determined at the contest briefing.
- Presentations will be evaluated using the presentation score sheet.
In case of a tie following tabulation of contestant scores, the tie scores of the top five contestants will be broken in descending order by:
- Highest score in Sensory Evaluation
- Highest score in Barbecue Skills portion
- A method determined by the contest committee